Cities & Counties of Missouri Boys State
At Missouri Boys State, there are 18 cities divided up among 8 counties. In the first session of Missouri
Boys State, there were four different counties, each named after
early leaders of Missouri. Since that time, four new counties have
been created and a few have been renamed to honor an individual,
although each name still signifies and important leader in Missouri
By clicking on the counties and cities below, you can see brief biographical sketches of each man for whom a Boys State county or city has been named.
2001: The MBS Board of Directors voted
to rename Shelby City to Carnahan City after the late Governor of Missouri Mel Carnahan. The same year it was
decided that the Board would also rename Smith City to Whitfield
City in honor of Jim Whitfield, whose dedication and commitment to
the American Legion and Missouri Boys State is unparalleled.
1994: The MBS Board of Directors voted
to rename Coontz City to Carver City after George Washington Carver.
1990: The MBS general
assembly voted to rename Cockrell City after C.C. "Chuck" Richardson.
The MBS Board of Directors approved the change.
1983: The Missouri Boys State general
assembly voted to change Linn County to Bradley
County in honor of Gen. Omar Bradley. The MBS Board of Directors approved
1966: MBS added another two counties,
expanding to its current number of eight. The last two counties added
were Newberry and Bacon.
1954: Two more counties were added:
Linn and Gamble.
1938: The first session of Missouri Boys State had four counties: Scott, Price, Barton and Benton.
CHARLES L. BACON (1909 - 1989)
Legion National Commander
Born in Marshall, Missouri, 1909, he married the former Helen Selvidge and they had two children. Helen Selvidge is the daughter of the late Robert Selvidge, longtime faculty member at the University of Missouri. An attorney by profession he was a partner in the law firm of Shook, Hardy & Bacon and lived in Kansas City, Missouri.
Bacon graduated from Marshall High School and Missouri Valley College and while at the University of Missouri School of Law served on the law review, graduated from the latter with honors in 1934 having served as President of the Student Body during his senior year. Following a 4?year period of service with the United States Navy during WWII, during which he rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander, he returned to his law practice in Marshall, Missouri. In 1952, he became affiliated with Skelly Oil Company, and served as Chief Counsel of the Marketing Division, until returning to general law practice with his Kansas City firm. In 1961, Bacon was the first Missourian ever to be elected to the office of National Commander of The American Legion, this occurring at the national convention in Denver, Colorado. Following an outstanding year as leader of the 3,000,000 member organization, a year in which the membership rose sharply, he continued his active interest in The American Legion and its many fine programs, with emphasis in the Legion's youth programs. In 1978, Bacon received the living American Legion Department of Missouri Distinguished Service Award. Bacon served as chairman of the A. B. Weyer Memorial Trust and was a lifetime member of the American Legion Boys State of Missouri Executive Committee and Board of Directors until his untimely death in 1989.
(1793 - 1843)
Barton was born in Green County, Tennessee, Dec. 14, 1783. He moved to Missouri in 1809 where he practiced law. He was elected Attorney General in 1813 an office he held for two years. He was named Speaker of the Territorial Legislature in 1818. He was elected President of the First Constitutional Convention of Missouri. He claimed he wrote the first constitution and it was in force until displaced by the Drake Constitution in 1866. He served for two years as the first United States Senator from Missouri. He was elected by acclamation. After leaving the U.S. Senate, Barton became a State Senator from St. Louis, in 1834, and later Circuit Judge at Boonville, in 1835. A portrait of Barton hangs on the wall of the Hall of Representatives in Jefferson City. Barton was sometimes called the "Forgotten Statesman", but few men have had a more valid claim to recognition and remembrance in Missouri.
|THOMAS HART BENTON
(1782 - 1858)
Born in Hillsboro, North Carolina, March 14, 1782 to poor parents, he educated himself by reading the books he could find. He served under General Andrew Jackson and came to St. Louis in 1815, and became news editor for the St. Louis Enquirer. In 1820, he was elected to United States Senate. He ran for Governor of Missouri in 1856 but was defeated. He died a respected statesman on April 10, 1858, in Washington. Nine counties in United States have received Benton's name, and six of them in his honor.
|GEN. OMAR NELSON BRADLEY (1893 - 1981)
United States Army
Born in rural Randolph County, Missouri, February 12, 1893, attending country schools in Higbee and Moberly where his father taught. A 1915 West Point graduate, he served as a Major in WWI and taught at West Point and the Infantry School during his career. He was known as the "GI's General." He commanded the largest exclusively American field command in U.S. history. During the spring of 1945, the command included 4 field armies, 12 corps, 48 divisions and more than 1.3 million men.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower chose him to command the lst U.S. Army in the invasion of Normandy in June, 1944. His troops liberated Paris, defeated a German counter-offensive during the winter of 1944-45, seized the first bridgehead over the Rhine River, and drove through central Germany to establish the first Allied contact with Soviet troops.
Following the war, he served as the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the new Department of Defense, the highest military position open to a U.S. officer, and he served as Administrator of the Veterans Administration, gaining fame for his success in making it more efficient. In 1950, he became the fourth officer in our history to reach the 5-star rank of General of the Army. Bradley received the living American Legion Distinguished Service Award in 1970. He died in New York City, April 8, 1981.
|HAMILTON ROWAN GAMBLE
(1798 - 1864)
Missouri State Governor
Pro Union Civil War governor of Missouri, who was elected governor by the Missouri State Convention on July 31, 1861, and served until his death on January 31, 1864.
|JOHN O. NEWBERRY
(1893 - 1957)
40/8 National Commander
Born February 7, 1893, in Bates County, Missouri, the son of George W. and Martha Oliver Newberry, he was educated in the public schools in Butler, Missouri, and moved to Jefferson City with his family in 1913.
Newberry was one of the founders of The American Legion having attended the Paris caucus following the close of World War I while he was still on active duty in the Army. Active in patriotic, civic, religious, and business circles throughout the years following his World War I service, he compiled an illustrious record in each field. In 1953 he was elected as National Commander (Chef de Chemin de Fer) of the Forty and Eight, the Legion honor society.
He was Director of the Missouri State Savings and Loan League and Chairman of the Board for seven years serving as its President in 1948. For many years he headed the Cole County Draft Board and was President of the Board of Advisers of the Missouri School for the Deaf for some seven years. A dedicated Legionnaire, and keenly interested in The American Legion's youth program, Newberry made it a point each year to visit Missouri Boys State while in session. At the time of his death, he was Chairman of the Commission which planned and constructed the present State Headquarters of The American Legion.
(1782 - 1861)
John Scott was born in Hanover County, Virginia in 1782. In 1804, he came to Missouri and started a law practice at Ste. Genevieve. In 1817, he was elected a Territorial Delegate to Congress. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1820, and considered one of the five most important men in attendance. He was Missouri's last territorial delegate and the states' first Congressman, re-elected in 1822, and 1824. He was defeated for Congress in 1826 by Edward Bates. Shortly after he retired from public life and re-opened his law practice at Ste. Genevieve.
JOSEPH J. FRANK (1948 -)
American Legion National Commander
Joseph J. Frank, of Sunset Hills, Missouri was born and raised in St.
Louis County, one of seven children. Frank is a U.S. Army Vietnam
Veteran, who while serving his country as a combat engineer with the
39th Engineer Battalion, suffered permanent disability secondary to
a land mine explosion. Since returning from duty, Frank has been a
member of the American Legion and is an honorary life member and
founder of Crestwood Memorial American Legion Post #777, now
the Joseph L. Frank Post #777, renamed in memory of his father.
Frank has served in several leadership capacities for the American
Legion including: National Commander, National Vice Commander, Chairman of the National Economic Commission, and Chairman
of the National Foreign Relations Commission. He also served as Vice Chairman of the National Legislative Commission and as Commander at the Post, District and Department levels in Missouri.
Frank was elected National Commander of the American Legion
at the close of its 78th National Convention on September 5, 1996 in Salt Lake City, Utah, and currently is a consultant to the Legion's
National Policy Coordination and Action Group.
An active member of several civic and veterans organizations, Frank
is also a former employee of the Veterans Administration, now the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. He has received Presidential
Recognition for service to the Nation and the Selective Service System and for Community Achievement.
A. B. WEYER (1889 - 1977)
40/8 Gran Chef de Gare/Boys State Founder)
Born on a farm near Lima, Ohio, September 14, 1889, one of a family of 12 children of William H. and Mary Keller Weyer,. Educated in public schools of Ada, Ohio. Married to Harriett Martin of Palestine, Illinois in 1912.
He Served with 122nd Field Artillery overseas during WWI and participated in Metz, St. Mihiel and Muese-Argonne campaigns. Awarded Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster for gallantry in action.
Long active in patriotic and civic organizations he served as Grand Chef de Gare (40 and 8) in 1939 and as Sous Chef de Chermin de Fer (national vice-commander) of the organization in 1943. A member of Sanford Brown Post of The American Legion he was one of four Legionnaires who organized Missouri Boys State in 1938. Despite the many honors that accrued to him as a result of his dedicated and devoted efforts in many and varied fields of endeavor for his fellowmen, he always believed that his greatest achievement was never missing a session of Missouri Boys State until his death in 1977.
At the time of his death in August, 1977, at age 88, he had never missed an Executive Committee Meeting. In 1978, a trust fund created solely for the benefit of Missouri Boys State was created to honor A.B. Weyer and to provide for the financial future of the program.
The A. B. Weyer Memorial Trust Fund continues to be Boys State's main source of financial stability and continues to be insurance for a strong Boys State program for years to come.
|HARRY M. GAMBREL (1896 - 1962)
Businessman/Boys State Founder
Born in Lincoln, Illinois, and educated in public schools in that community and later, following his family's move to Colorado, in the public schools in south Denver, Colorado and Colorado College at Colorado Springs, Colorado, Gambrel compiled a fine scholastic record while at the same time earning letters on the track and football teams of the several schools. Graduated, he entered the advertising field working for the Rocky Mountain News and simultaneously serving as Advertising Manager for the Chamber of Commerce in his home community.
With the outbreak of World War I he entered the service as a private in an infantry company and subsequently rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel. He saw action in Europe with the 104th Infantry and was awarded the Croix de Guerre, one of the first AEF members to receive this high honor. He was also cited for bravery in orders of the 26th Division.
Following the way he returned to Denver and 1932 moved to Kansas City where he formed an insurance partnership which eventually became one of the big insurance businesses in Kansas City.
At the time of his death he was a partner in the firm of Mann, Kerdolff, Kline and Welsh, a firm handling insurance coverage for industrial plants, steamship lines, air lines, etc. throughout the United States.
In 1935, Gambrel was a very active leader in The American Legion, along with leaders from other states, traveled to Springfield, Illinois, to study the newly formed Illinois Boys State. Three years later he, along with three other dedicated Missouri American Legion leaders, founded Missouri Boys State and he served as the first Director thereof. Until his death in 1962 he maintained an active interest in the organization and served on the Boys State Executive Committee from the day of its inception.
|WILLIAM CLARK (1770 - 1828)
Born August 1, 1770, at Caroline County, Virginia. Accepted the task of aiding his friend (Lewis) in taking the greatest exploring expedition undertaken by the Federal Government - the Expedition to the Pacific 1803.
In 1808 he founded the Missouri Fur Company and played an important role in governing the vast territory acquired by the United States through the Louisiana purchase. He served as Superintendent of Indian affairs in Louisiana and Missouri, 1807 - 1813.
Territorial Governor of Missouri, 1813 - 1820.
He died 1838 and buried at Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri.
MERIWETHER LEWIS (1774 - 1809)
Born near Charlottesville, Virginia, August 18, 1774. Entered U.S. Regular Army in 1795. In 1801 - 1803 private secretary to President Thomas Jefferson.
Commissioned by the President as Commander of the Expedition with Captain Wm. Clark as his assistant. After return from Expedition, he was made Governor of Louisiana Territory. Lewis County, Missouri, named in his honor.
Lewis died October 11, 1809, in Nashville, Tennessee, at the home of a settler, and it is not known whether he took his own life or was killed.
JAMES S. (JIM) WHITFIELD (1926- )
(Boys State Trust Chairman, Former Dean of Counselors, Board of Directors & Executive Committee)
Jim Whitfield is a life member of The American Legion in Warrensburg. He has served The American Legion Boys State of Missouri in several capacities since 1953. He was Secretary-Treasurer from 1953 to 1955. He served on the site committee which made the decision to move Boys State to the campus of CMSU in 1953. In recognition of his lifetime of untiring service, in 2000 Whitfield was given the title "Honorary Lifetime Commander" of the Missouri Department of the American Legion. This honor had been given to only three other men, including former U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
Whitfield's service to the Missouri Boys State program is unsurpassed. Whitfield served as a City Counselor from 1956 to 1959 and was named Dean of Counselors in 1959. Under his direction, the staff of Missouri Boys State took a pro-active approach to teaching the principles of democracy to the young men who participated in the Boys State program. As Dean, Whitfield wrote the first counselors handbook. The original form of that handbook is still in use today. Whitfield voluntarily retired from his position as Dean of Counselors in 1970. Along with Charles Hamilton, Whitfield was instrumental in creating the intricate structure of the program that has evolved into one of the finest programs of its kind. In his over four decades of service to the program, Whitfield has been at the center of every major decision affecting the program. He has been instrumental in helping the program grow into a youth leadership program of national prominence.
Whitfield was given the distinction of having a Boys State City named in his honor, becoming the first Boys State leader outside of the four founders to be given that honor. In 2001, the Missouri Boys State Board of Directors and Executive Committee voted in favor of renaming Smith City to Whitfield City. He was inducted into the Missouri Boys State Hall of Fame in 1988.
Whitfield was named one of the original trustees of the A.B. Weyer Memorial Trust. The Weyer Trust was created to ensure the future financial stability of The American Legion Boys State of Missouri, Inc. In 1989, he was named Chairman of the trust succeeding Charles L. Bacon who died suddenly while still serving his term. Whitfield has been active in veteran's affairs since his honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy in January of 1947. He is a graduate of Central Missouri State University where he was Student Body President. In his senior year he received the George Charno Citizenship Award. Whitfield is still serving as a life member of the Executive Committee of the American Legion Boys State of Missouri Board of Directors.
JAMES ALCORN (1803- 1877)
State Representative from Howard County in the First General
Assembly in 1820. Founded location for the Capitol of Missouri;
also one of three who had to do with the legislation on the Great
Seal of Missouri.
During the Reconstruction era, Alcorn was an advocate of modernizing the South and was the founder of the Mississippi levee system, and was instrumental in their rebuilding after the Civil War.
After his retirement from politics, he was active in levee affairs and was a delegate to the Mississippi constitutional convention of 1890, in which he supported the black disenfranchisement clause of the new constitution.
In his later life, Alcorn practiced law in Friars Point, Mississippi and lived quietly at his plantation, Eagle's Nest, in Coahoma County, Mississippi, until his death and interment in the family cemetery on his estate.
ALEXANDER WILLIAM DONIPHAN (1808 - 1887)
Explorer and State Representative
Alexander William Doniphan (July 9,
1808–August 8, 1887) was an American
lawyer and soldier, born in Mason
County, Kentucky. He graduated from
Augusta College in 1824, was admitted
to the bar in 1830, and began to practice
in Lexington, Missouri. He soon moved further west to Liberty,
Missouri and gained a reputation as one of the best lawyers in
Missouri. He also served in the state legislature in 1836,
1840, and 1854, representing the Whig Party.
While excelling in law, he is chiefly remembered for his
military career. By 1838, he had risen to the rank of brigadier
general in the state militia. Leading a large force of state
troops, he arrested the Mormon prophet Joseph Smith
and other leaders and forced them to leave the state of
Missouri. In so doing he refused to follow orders to execute
Smith and prevented vigilante forces from inflicting greater
harm to the Mormons.
At the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846,
Doniphan entered the United States Army as colonel of the
1st Regiment of Missouri mounted volunteers, and served
with honor in several campaigns, including the march of
Stephen W. Kearny on Santa Fe and an expedition into
Mexico. In that expedition, his men won at the Christmas
Day 1846 Battle of El Brazito (outside modern day El Paso,
Texas) and the Battle of the Sacramento, enabling the
capture of Chihuahua, Mexico.
After the Mexican War he was appointed by General
Kearny to construct the code of civil laws known as the
"Kearny code" in English and Spanish for the territory
annexed from Mexico. He was a moderate in events leading
up to the American Civil War, opposed secession and
favored neutrality for Missouri. A slaveholder, Doniphan
advocated the gradual elimination of slavery only after it
became apparent that the Republican Party would make
emancipation immediate. Although he was offered high
command by the Union Army, he did not take an active part
in the Civil War, instead relocating to St. Louis.
Doniphan married Elizabeth Jane Thornton in 1838 and had
two sons, neither of whom lived past age 18. In the late
1860s, Doniphan re-established his law offices in Richmond,
Missouri, where he died. He is buried in Fairview Cemetery
in Liberty underneath an obe lisk.
|MEL CARNAHAN (1934 - 2000)
Mel Carnahan was born in Birch Tree, Missouri in 1934. Growing up, he attended public schools and was active in the Baptist church. He met his high school sweetheart, Jean Carpenter, at a church youth meeting. Later, they graduated from high school and college together. They were married in 1954. After graduating from college in 1956, Carnahan served two years in the U.S. Air Force. In 1959, he graduated from law school at the University of Missouri in Columbia.
In 1961, he was elected municipal court judge in Rolla, and was elected to the Missouri House of Representatives in 1967. In the second of his two terms, he was elected majority floor leader.
Carnahan re-entered government in 1980 when he was elected State Treasurer. In 1988, he was elected Lt. Governor, the only Missouri Democrat running for statewide office to win in that year. He was elected Governor in 1992 and 1996, both times by landslide margins. In his two terms as Missouri Governor, Carnahan enacted education reforms, improvements in the health care system, and passed tough anti-crime measures. His administration oversaw unprecedented economic growth in Missouri.
Governor Carnahan was a true friend of the Missouri Boys State
program. He addressed the Missouri Boys State citizens fourteen
different times. Through his example, he personified the ideal
that public service can be a sincere and meaningful pursuit, and
taught the lesson that one person truly can make a difference. In October 2000, Governor Carnahan, his son Randy, and trusted
aide Chris Sifford were killed in a tragic plane crash.
In recognition of his service to the Missouri Boys State, and for
the example of public service that he provided, the Missouri Boys
State Board of Directors and Executive Committee voted in 2001
to rename Shelby City to Carnahan City.
|DANIEL BOONE (1734 - 1820)
Explorer / Frontiersman
Born on November 2, 1734 in Pennsylvania, he came to Missouri in 1798 and was granted land in St. Charles County. He was an extensive traveler and colonizer and an outstanding Indian fighter.
He was not the leader of American immigration into Missouri as he has been given credit by many who study american pioneer history, but no one has been more widely written about than Daniel Boone. He has been a most popular subject for biographies and historical sketches. He is a big part of the historical fabric of Missouri and legendary as a frontiersman.
He died on September 26, 1820.
|ENOCH H. CROWDER (1859 - 1932)
Major General, U.S. Army
Born near Trenton, Missouri, at a little town called Edinburgh, April 11, 1859. He attended Grand River College (an old High School and Preparatory College in the State) and in 1877 went to West Point.
Graduated in 1881 with honor and distinction, and went to University of Missouri as Professor of Military Tactics where he studied law. He got the legislature to pass a bill which made the University of Missouri Cadets members of the National Guard of Missouri. He was popular with the students. Promoted to rank of Captain in 1891, and stationed at Omaha, Nebraska. Made a Major in 1895. Served a Legal Advisor to the Military Governor of Philippines and appointed Provost Marshal General. Drafted the Selective Service Act in 1917, and as Provost Marshal General had responsibility for administering the program during World War I.
He was promoted to Major General in October 1917. In 1921 he went to Cuba as President Woodrow Wilson's personal rep to settle a dispute over elections. Upon his retirement from the Army in February 1923, he was appointed US Ambassador to Cuba. He returned to the US in 1927 and entered private law practice in Chicago.
General Crowder died in Washington, D.C. on May 7, 1932, and was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery.
|C.C. "CHUCK" RICHARDSON (1921 - 2007)
Businessman / First MBS Governor
In 1938, Chuck Richardson was elected the first Governor of the first Boys State of Missouri. His perfect attendance at every Boys State through the 1980's, has included service as City Counselor, Quartermaster, Director and lifetime Executive Committee Board Member. In addition, Chuck Richardson has made significant financial contributions to the program. He also serves as a trustee of the American Legion Boys State of Missouri Memorial Trust Fund which helps perpetuate Boys State. In 1990, he was honored by the Board of Directors with the institution of Richardson City at Missouri Boys State. With the approval of this action by the Missouri Boys State general assembly, Cockrell City was retired and Richardson City was established. Until his retirement in the late 1970's, Chuck was a successful business owner and active in the community in the Kansas City area. While he is fully divested from his company since retirement, Richardson Printing is still doing business today. Chuck served as a Captain in the U.S. Navy and was a decorated war veteran.
Chuck died in Overland Park, KS on February 24, 2007.
|FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR, JR. (1821 - 1875)
Born in Lexington, Kentucky, February 19, 1821. He studied at Chapel Hill college in North Carolina, Princeton, and then Transylvania University law school from which he was graduated. He practiced law in St. Louis from 1842 until he went west.
Upon his return, Blair entered politics. To give currency to his views, he established the Barnburner, a Free-Soil newspaper. He voted for Van Buren in 1848, supported Clay's compromise of 1850, and denounced the Kansas-Nebraska act.
Although he did not believe that the Federal government should interfere with slavery in the states, he did believe that the institution of slavery was economically obsolete and morally wrong. An adherent of the principles of gradual emancipation, he was in Missouri an unyielding unionist.
In 1852 he was elected to the State Legislature on the Benton ticket and was re-elected in 1854. During the Civil war, Blair was elected to the United State House of Representatives three times and to the Senate once.
The stand of the Democratic party on slavery caused him to withdraw and join the Republicans in 1857. In that year he served in the thirty-seventh Congress in 1861.
Resigning his seat early in that year, however, he returned to St. Louis. In 1862 when the Union cause looked dark, he raised seven regiments, became a brigadier general, later a major general, and took a leading part in a number of major engagements.
Recalled to Washington in 1864, he helped reorganize Congress and supported Lincoln's reconstruction plan. Blair favored readmitting the seceded stated to the Union and leaving them free to solve their own reconstruction problems. He opposed the registry law, test oaths, disfranchisement of white, and enfranchisement of Blacks.
A leading spirit in reorganizing the Democratic party in Missouri, he received the nomination for vice-president in 1868. He was elected a member of the Missouri general assembly in 1870 and soon became a member of the United States Senate where he served from January 20, 1871 to March 3, 1873.
He died in St.Louis July 8, 1875.
TRUMAN L. INGLE (1894 - 1954)
Teacher / Boys State Founder
Born February 26, 1894, in St. Louis, Missouri, he attended the public schools in that community and completed his education at Gallaudet College, Washington, D.C. in 1925. At the latter institution he received special training in teaching the deaf and earned his Master's Degree.
His entire teaching career was spent in this field as he taught successively at Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, the California School for the Deaf, and then, in August of 1933, joined the Missouri School for the Deaf in Fulton, Missouri, where he served continuously until his death.
Ingle, a veteran of World War I, was married to Miss Mary Hughes who also specialized in the instruction of the deaf. Following his service in World War I he became very active in The American Legion and served two terms as National Executive Committeeman for The American Legion Department of Missouri.
He, along with A.B. Weyer, Jerry F. Duggan, (formerly Department adjutant), and Harry M. Gambrel, are the four mem who founded the Missouri Boys State of The American Legion in Missouri.
|JERRY F. DUGGAN (1886 - 1952)
Adjutant / Boys State Founder
Served as Adjutant of the Missouri Department of the American Legion from 1926 until 1951. He was a delegate to the St. Louis caucus at which the American Legion was organized.
Captain Duggan saw service on the Mexican Border; and in World War I served as Adjutant of the 140th Infantry. Upon the organization of the 110th Engineers, Missouri National Guard under the command of Col. E.M. Stayton, Capt. Duggan became Regimental Adjutant of the Combat Engineers Regiment, and remained in such capacity until January 21, 1941. In 1938, along with A.B. Weyer, Harry Gambrell and Truman Ingle, Mr. Duggan founded Missouri Boys State at Fulton, Missouri.
GEN. JOHN J. PERSHING (1860 - 1948)
Born in Linn County, Missouri, September 13, 1860. He graduated from West Point in 1886. He was a military instructor at University of Nebraska where he received his Bachelor of Law degree in 1893. He was an instructor in tactics at West Point in 1897 - 1898. He was sent to the Philippines where he served with the operations against the fierce Moro tribe.
Assigned to Military Attache in Tokyo in 1905 - 1906. Jumped to rank of Brigadier General in 1906 from Rank of Captain in the Regular Army. On duty in Philippines 1906 - 1908 and 1909 - 1914 in charge of the United States Troops sent to Mexico.
In 1917, he was selected to command the A.E.F. and was appointed to rank of Full General. On July 1, 1921, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army. He was Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. He retired September 13, 1924. He died on July 15, 1948.
General Pershing received the American Legion Department of Missouri Distinguished Service Award posthumously in 1967, the first year the award was given.
|GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER (1864 - 1943)
Educator / Scientist / Inventor
Born into slavery in 1864 and the humblest of surroundings in Diamond, Missouri, George Washington Carver lived pursuing the "dreams" of America - the country he loved and the country that grew to love him.
Dr. Carver lived a fairy tail type life from slavery to national prominence; a life so rich that when Dr. Carver is studied he appears almost mythical.
Given books at an early age by his owner, Dr. Carver began a lifetime pursuit of knowledge. A pursuit which covered such diverse areas as endless uses for the sweet potato and peanut, to successful treatment of polio patients, to nutrition research for the United States Army during World War I.
Dr. Carver is also credited with saving Southern agriculture. Dr. Carver revitalized the one crop economy of the South by introducing wide ranging profitable uses for crops like the peanut and sweet potato.
In addition to being an eminent scientist, Dr. Carver was also a notable teacher. Dr. Carver helped found and teach at the legendary Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. At Tuskegee, Dr. Carver worked with another renowned figure - Booker T. Washington. George Washington Carver died in 1943, still a humble man, but now a famous and worldly admired as a scientist and educator with peers and friends like Edison, Ford and Wallace.
Dr. Carver received the living American Legion Department of Missouri Distinguished Service Award posthumously in 1971. In 1994, Carver City replaced Coontz City at Missouri Boys State.